Bioplume III - natural attenuation model for transport of dissolved hydrocarbons under the influence of oxygen-limited biodegradation

Bioplume III Categories: bioremediation, flow models - saturated zone, solute transport models - saturated zone

Bioplume III Overview

Bioplume III is a two-dimensional, finite difference model for simulating the biodegradation of  hydrocarbons in groundwater. The Bioplume III model simulates both aerobic and anaerobic biodegradation processes in addition to advection, dispersion, sorption and ion exchange. Bioplume III simulates the biodegradation of organic contaminants using a number of aerobic and anaerobic electron acceptors: oxygen, nitrate, iron (III), sulfate, and carbon dioxide. Bioplume III is based on the U. S. Geologic Survey (USGS) Method of Characteristics Model (MOC) dated July 1989 (Konikow and Bredehoeft). The Bioplume III code was developed primarily to model the natural attenuation of organic contaminants in groundwater due to the processes of advection, dispersion, sorption and biodegradation. Bioplume III solves the transport equation six times to determine the fate and transport of the hydrocarbons and the electron acceptors/reaction byproducts. For the case where iron (III) is used as an electron acceptor, the model simulates the production and transport of iron (II) or ferrous iron.

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